The concept of “cloud manufacturing” was introduced in 2010 , and has so far brought about a wave of research interest of people from both the academia and industry [2,3] (for the overall research advances please go to http://www.i4sm.org/statistics-of-cloud-manufacturing-publications/). Within the academia, the definition and connotation of cloud manufacturing have been intensively studied, and several definitions have been proposed. In spite of this, thus far there has been no standardized definition that can comprehensively capture the essence of cloud manufacturing, and thus has been accepted by the entire cloud manufacturing community .
Meanwhile, many other pertinent concepts such as Industry 4.0 , service-oriented manufacturing , networked manufacturing , collaborative manufacturing , manufacturing grid , Internet-based manufacturing , smart (or intelligent) manufacturing , ubiquitous manufacturing , wireless manufacturing , social manufacturing , Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) , cloud computing , and the Internet of Things (IoT)  have also arisen. What is the connotation of cloud manufacturing? What are the similarities and differences between cloud manufacturing and these concepts? These are questions that have to be answered for further research and implementation of cloud manufacturing in the future.
This post aims to carry out a wide and in-depth discussion on the definition and exact connotation of cloud manufacturing, as well as its relationship with the aforementioned pertinent concepts in order to reach an international consensus so as to promote its development and implementation.
Please feel free to give your opinion on these issues by posting your comments at the bottom of this page (the “LEAVE A REPLY” area).
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- Zhang L, Luo Y, Tao F, et al. Cloud manufacturing: a new manufacturing paradigm. Enterprise Information Systems, 2014, 8(2): 167-187.
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- Liu Y, Xu X. Industry 4.0 and Cloud Manufacturing: A Comparative Analysis. Journal of Manufacturing Science and Engineering, 2017, 139(3): 034701.
- Gao J, Yao Y, Zhu V C Y, et al. Service-oriented manufacturing: a new product pattern and manufacturing paradigm. Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing, 2011, 22(3): 435-446.
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- Kang H S, Lee J Y, Choi S S, et al. Smart manufacturing: Past research, present findings, and future directions. International Journal of Precision Engineering and Manufacturing-Green Technology, 2016, 3(1): 111-128.
- Chen T, Tsai H R. Ubiquitous manufacturing: Current practices, challenges, and opportunities. Robotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing, 2016, 10.1016/j.rcim.2016.01.001.
- Huang G Q, Wright P K, Newman S T. Wireless manufacturing: a literature review, recent developments, and case studies. International Journal of Computer Integrated Manufacturing, 2009, 22(7): 579-594.
- JIANG P, DING K. Social manufacturing: a new way to support outsourcing production. Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Innovative Design and Manufac-turing. National Taiwan Universlty. 2012.
- Wang L, Gao R, Ragai I. An integrated cyber-physical system for cloud manufacturing. ASME 2014 International Manufacturing Science and Engineering Conference collocated with the JSME 2014 International Conference on Materials and Processing and the 42nd North American Manufacturing Research Conference. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2014: V001T04A029-V001T04A029.
- Buyya R, Yeo C S, Venugopal S, et al. Cloud computing and emerging IT platforms: Vision, hype, and reality for delivering computing as the 5th utility. Future Generation computer systems, 2009, 25(6): 599-616.
- Gubbi J, Buyya R, Marusic S, et al. Internet of Things (IoT): A vision, architectural elements, and future directions. Future Generation Computer Systems, 2013, 29(7): 1645-1660.